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Medication For Allergies

Allergic reactions are among the most common health problems around the world. They can be caused by a variety of things including dust, pollen, insect stings, and foods among many others. Dealing with allergies can be quite uncomfortable and irritating. In general, there is no cure for allergies. However, there are various types of medication, which you can use to relieve the symptoms of the allergies. Some of those symptoms include swelling, congestion, and runny nose.

Meditation used for treatment of allergy symptoms

As mentioned earlier, there is a wide variety of medicine, both prescription and over the counter, which works well to relieve the symptoms of allergies. The symptoms that you experience or the kind of allergy that you have will determine the medication that you will use. Antihistamines, decongestants, and corticosteroids are the most common ones used.

Antihistamines


Antihistamines are mainly used to relieve swellings, seasonal changes, and itchy eyes. The medicine can be found in the form of pills, eye drops, or nasal spray. When experiencing an allergic reaction, the body produces a substance called histamine. This substance causes swelling, changes in secretion, redness, and itchiness. The antihistamine works by blocking the release of histamine. This ensures that all its effects are prevented, relieving you from the symptoms.

Decongestants

Decongestants are used when you experience congestion. Most of the decongestants are prescription medication, which doctors usually prescribe alongside antihistamine to counter the allergic reactions. They are available in the form of liquid, pills, nasal spray, and eye drops. During an allergic reaction, some swelling might occur in the nose, causing excessive secretion of mucus and other fluids. The swelling can also occur in blood vessels, causing redness in the eyes. Decongestants used with antihistamine will reduce the swelling, congestion, mucus secretion, and redness. If you have glaucoma or any other condition related to blood pressure, you should avoid using the decongestants. This is because they can cause an increase in blood pressure.

Corticosteroids


Corticosteroids, commonly referred to as steroids, are used to counter inflammation caused by allergies. Sneezing, runny nose, nasal stuffiness, and itchiness are some of the other symptoms to which it can provide relief. Steroids can be found in the form of pills, inhalers, cream, liquid, nasal spray, and eye drops. For the best results, corticosteroids have to be used on a constant basis. Some of the possible side effects of using this allergy medication include weight gain, fluid retention, and hypertension.